EN Location. Download PDF. Last Updated:. Current Version:. ECMP Settings. Use the following fields to configure Equal-Cost Multiple Path settings.

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Enabling, disabling, or changing ECMP on an existing virtual router causes the system to restart the virtual router, which might cause existing sessions to be terminated. Symmetric Return. Max Path.

ECMP Settings

Select the maximum number of equal-cost paths: 2, 3, or 4 to a destination network that can be copied from the RIB to the FIB. Default is 2. Choose one of the following ECMP load-balancing algorithms to use on the virtual router. ECMP load balancing is done at the session level, not at the packet level.

This means that the firewall ECMP chooses an equal-cost path at the start of a new session, not each time a packet is received. IP Modulo. IP Hash. If you select IP Hash. Alternatively, you can select Use Source Address Only. Weighted Round Robin. Balanced Round Robin. Recommended videos not found. All rights reserved. Enable ECMP. Optional Select Symmetric Return to cause return packets to egress out the same interface on which the associated ingress packets arrived.EN Location.

Download PDF. Last Updated:. Current Version:. Equal Cost Multiple Path ECMP processing is a networking feature that enables the firewall to use up to four equal-cost routes to the same destination. Without this feature, if there are multiple equal-cost routes to the same destination, the virtual router chooses one of those routes from the routing table and adds it to its forwarding table; it will not use any of the other routes unless there is an outage in the chosen route.

Enabling ECMP functionality on a virtual router allows the firewall to have up to four equal-cost paths to a destination in its forwarding table, allowing the firewall to:. Load balance flows sessions to the same destination over multiple equal-cost links.

Efficiently use all available bandwidth on links to the same destination rather than leave some links unused. This can help reduce downtime when links fail. The following sections describe ECMP and how to configure it.

OSPF between Juniper, Palo Alto firewall, and Cisco Router

Verify ECMP. Recommended videos not found. All rights reserved.It provides multipath support for "equal cost" routes going to the same destination. There is a max of 4 equal cost paths supported Without this feature, if there are multiple equal-cost routes to the same destination, the virtual router chooses one of those routes from the routing table and adds it to its forwarding table; it will not use any of the other routes unless there is an outage in the chosen route.

ECMP load balancing is done at the session level, not at the packet level—the start of a new session is when the firewall ECMP chooses an equal-cost path This article focuses on basic configuration to achieve ECMP on the firewall. Interface configuration:. However, these interfaces can be configured in same zone also Route configuration with both default routes having "equal-cost":. NAT policy to be able to route traffic over internet: Note: If both ISP interfaces are in the same zone, then destination interfaces need to be added to the NAT policy as in the following screenshot: Security policy configuration to allow the traffic: covers both scenario when interfaces are in same or different zone Enabling ECMP on the firewall: Note:.

Dynamic Routing. However, these interfaces can be configured in same zone also Route configuration with both default routes having "equal-cost": NAT policy to be able to route traffic over internet: Note: If both ISP interfaces are in the same zone, then destination interfaces need to be added to the NAT policy as in the following screenshot: Security policy configuration to allow the traffic: covers both scenario when interfaces are in same or different zone Enabling ECMP on the firewall: Note: Max Path 2 means that only 2 equal cost paths will be installed in FIB table.

If there are more than 2 equal-cost paths that need to be installed in FIB table, change Max Path value. Max supported value is 4. Load balance method can be selected according to the requirement.

For more information about load balance algorithm, please click here Enable Symmetric Return if reply packet should be sent out the same interface that the request packet came in.EN Location.

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Download PDF. Last Updated:. Current Version:. Use the following procedure to enable ECMP on a virtual router. The prerequisites are to:. Specify the interfaces that belong to a virtual router Network. Specify the IP routing protocol. Enabling, disabling, or changing ECMP for an existing virtual router causes the system to restart the virtual router, which might cause sessions to be terminated.

Enable ECMP for a virtual router. Select Network. Select Router Settings. Select Symmetric Return. For Max Path. Select the load-balancing algorithm for the virtual router. For Load Balance. IP Modulo. Use a hash of the source and destination IP addresses the default IP hash method. Balanced Round Robin. Weighted Round Robin. IP Hash only. If you selected IP Hash. Select Use Source Address Only.

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If you select Use Source Address Only. Enabling this option along with Use Source Address Only. Enter a Hash Seed.EN Location. Download PDF. Last Updated:. Current Version:. The maximum number of equal-cost paths defaults to 2. ECMP then determines, based on the load-balancing method, which of the two paths in the FIB that the firewall will use for the destination during this session. ECMP load balancing is done at the session level, not at the packet level—the start of a new session is when the firewall ECMP chooses an equal-cost path.

A virtual router can use only one load-balancing algorithm. Enabling, disabling, or changing ECMP on an existing virtual router causes the system to restart the virtual router, which might cause existing sessions to be terminated.

The four algorithm choices emphasize different priorities, as follows:. Hash-based algorithms prioritize session stickiness. Balanced algorithm prioritizes load balancing. Keep in mind that ECMP weights are assigned to interfaces to determine load balancing to influence which equal-cost. Assign lower-speed or lower-capacity links with a lower weight.

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Assign higher-speed or higher-capacity links with a higher weight. In this manner, the firewall can distribute sessions based on these ratios, rather than overdrive a low-capacity link that is one of the equal-cost paths.

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ecmp weight palo alto

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ECMP Load-Balancing Algorithms

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Configure ECMP on a Virtual Router

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How to Implement ECMP (Load Balancing) on the Firewall

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